# Road to String Theory & Holography

Online seminar arranged for the general audience comprising of the researchers, PhDs, graduates, undergraduates, and high school students who desperately wanted to know the essence of string theory and its phenomenology in layman term. This was primarily for the students who either are in their sophomore/junior year or have not taken advanced physics or maths courses; therefore, I decided to keep my presentation as simple as possible and did not include much mathematics in it. [Link to the PDF]

**Summary of the talk:**

- Three forces are combined. Gravity is not.
- QFT is discrete. Gravity is continuous.
- QFT + Gravity is not successful.
- Loop Quantum Gravity, Causal Set Theory, and String Theory.
- Basic building blocks are not particles but little strings of energy.
- Different resonant frequencies correspond to different particles.
- Dimensions of strings are close to Planck length.
- Open strings are gauge particles (SM). Closed strings are gravitons.
- There are five string theories. All five need 10 space-time dimensions. All five make an M theory in 11 dimensions. All five are consistent with supersymmetry.
- Open strings attach to hypothetical surfaces called D-branes. Closed strings do not attach to those.
- There are fields associated with D brands.
- There are some dualities in string theory like T-Duality, AdS/CFT duality, etc.
- AdS space gives gravity of GR (naively speaking).
- CFT is a scale transformation of fields.
- AdS/CFT correspondence is an emergence of Holography.
- A 5D brane is embedded in 6D spacetime.
- String theory may not be tested directly in experiments but it has the claim for the only candidate of quantum gravity. It also resolves many fundamental questions of the universe.

**Announcement Poster:**

# Introduction to String Theory and Dualities

#### Webinar talk at SSE, Physics department, University of Management and Technology on 12th June 2020 [Link to PDF]

**Poster Announcement:**

# Emergence and Correspondence of Holography and AdS/CFT

#### Poster Presentation Session of SBASSE Graduate Students with the school’s Advisory Board 2020 at LUMS, Pakistan [PDF Link]

# Image of a Black Hole: Faith or Science?

#### Talk at the National University of Computer & Emerging Sciences (FAST) Sept 2019: [Downloads as PDF]

**Description:**

In this talk, I have discussed what black holes are, and how recently mankind has been able to take a picture of one through the event horizon telescope. I also discussed how to do proper science by being the rationalist.

**Target Audience:**

This seminar was for the students and researchers in science who wish to describe any physical phenomenon more rigorously. It aims to clarify concepts for how to do science in an appropriate manner regardless of some “hypothetical” beliefs which came out from nowhere.

# Harnessing cosmic-ray muons

#### Fourth Regional Lab Immersion Program at LUMS (Dec 2016): [Downloads as PDF]

**Description:**

Presented my project on the mean lifetime value of muons, measured experimentally, by studying the formation of muons from primary cosmic rays in the “Fourth International Lab Immersion Program”.